Errata & Addenda

p. 13: Accidents such as the grounding of the Exxon Valdez in Alaska in 1989 and the Costa Concordia in Italy in 2012 resulted in extensive pollution, and recognition that accidents can have severe economic and regulatory-related consequences.

p. 40: MARAD also monitors the Capital Construction Fund (CCF) program; vessel owners can defer paying federal income tax on earnings to be used to purchase or finance US-flagged cargo vessels

Under a recent Maritime Administration interpretation, owners and operators of container and Ropax vessels (RoRo ships also carrying passengers) can seek CCF funds; earlier only pure RoRos were eligible for expanded CCF funding.

p. 46: MSC owns and operates a large fleet of ships crewed by US civilian mariners.

p. 49: Credit goes to shipping carrying armed guards and increasing patrols by naval forces from European Union countries as well as others.

p. 126: Nine double-ended State Island ferries typically transport about 22.7 million riders per year (65,000 per day) across upper New York harbor.

p. 129: Norwegian Cruise Line purchased SS Norway in 1979, and had it converted to a cruise ship (featuring new auxiliary power units), keeping it in service until 2003.

p. 162: “Salties’” cargo accounts for about five percent of Great Lakes/St Lawrence Seaway total tonnage.

– An electronic barrier constructed on the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, about 35 miles from Lake Michigan, has successfully repelled this aggressive species.

p. 164: Jones Act vessels must be used to service offshore wind production equipment.

p. 184: Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI)

p. 274: N4, Navis’ latest offering,

p. 290: Gerhardt Muller

p. 311: in this case, railcars loaded with coal were hoisted by an overhead gantry crane-like cradle device over the ship’s rail and lowered through an open hatch onto a parallel railroad track affixed to an internal deck of a Sea Train vessel.

p. 325: Some of the major alliances, as of April 1, 2017, are 2M: Maersk (pending a deal to acquire Hamburg Sud) and Mediterranean; Ocean: China Shipping Group (following the Costco and China Shipping merger), CMA CGM (NOL), Evergreen and OOCL; THE ALLIANCE: Hapag Lloyd (pending its deal to acquire UASC), “K” Line (pending its deal to merge with MOL and NYK (to form ONE) and Yang Ming.

P326: An NVOCC, an Ocean Transport Intermediary (OTI), has the rights and obligations of a carrier and must file tariffs that are “published” by the FMC.

-Beginning in 2011, NVOCCs were no longer required to file negotiated rate arrangements, or shipper-specific discounts, with the FMC.